Soon, Quilon emerged as the richest town of the entire Malabar coast. In the early 14th century, King Ravi Varma established a short-lived supremacy over South India. Rajendrababu of CPI(M).[65]. The district of Kollam ranked seventh in population in the state while the city of Kollam ranked fourth. Beaches in Kerala Wikipedia. It is an emerging tourist spot. [86] After AD.23, so many merchant travellers, explorers, missionaries, apostles and army commanders visited Quilon, as Quilon was the most important trading port in India. In 1661 the Dutch East India Company took possession of the city. However, the Ays were the vassals of the Pandyas. [22][23] There was also internal trade through the Aryankavu Pass in Schenkottah Gap connecting the ancient town to Tamil Nadu. The city and suburbs contribute greatly to education by providing the best and latest knowledge to the scholars. [73] The beach sands of the district have concentrations of such heavy minerals as Ilmenite, Rutile, Monosite and Zircon, which offer scope for exploitation for industrial purposes. ", "Kollam Corporation achieved ISO Certification", "3 of world's 10 fastest-growing urban areas are in Kerala: Economist ranking", "The 4 Least Polluted Cities in India -", "Cosmas Indicopleustes, Christian Topography. [32][33], The Kingdom of Quilon or Venad was one of the three prominent late medieval Hindu feudal kingdoms on the Malabar Coast in South India. [10][11][12] Kollam has a strong commercial reputation since the days of the Phoenicians and Romans. "[35] The Nestorian Patriarch Jesujabus, who died in 660 AD, mentions Kollam in his letter to Simon, Metropolitan of Persia. [37] The inscription describes the gift of a plot of land to the Syrian Church at Tangasseri near Quilon (now known as Kollam), along with several rights and privileges to the Syrian Christians led by Mar Sapir Iso.[38]. For other uses, see. It was opened in 1902 and was a major source navigational aid for the ships of that area. t hội đồng thành phố (municipal corporation) của quận Kollam thuộc bang Kerala, Ấn Độ.. Địa lý. In Kollam, 11% of the population was under six years of age. It was moved to Thiruvananthapuram during the reign of Swathi Thirunal. info) and Coulão (in Portuguese), and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. See & Do The 5 Best Day Trips From London. Most of these are based in the Maruthadi, Sakthikulangara, Kavanad, Neendakara, Asramam, Kilikollur, Thirumullavaram and Uliyakovil areas of the city. [94] Foreign ships arrive in the port regularly with the MV Alina, a 145-metre (476 ft) vessel registered in Antigua anchored at the port on 4 April 2014. In 825 CE, the Malayalam calendar, or Kollavarsham, was created in Kollam at meetings held in the city. After his death, Quilon only included most of modern-day Kollam and Thiruvananthapuram districts of Kerala and Kanyakumari district of Tamil Nadu. Ten trains, each with seven coaches, will transport passengers back and forth along the Trivandrum-Kollam-Chengannur-Kottarakara-Adoor section. Empoli refers to the king "Nambiadora", almost certainly a variation of 'Naubeadarim' or 'Naubea Daring', names that can be frequently found in Portuguese chronicles to refer to the royal heirs in other Malabari kingdoms (e.g. [36], The Tharisappalli Copper Plates (849 AD) are a copper-plate grant issued by the King of Venad (Quilon), Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal, to the Saint Thomas Christians on the Malabar Coast in the 5th regnal year of the Chera ruler Sthanu Ravi Varma. April–November is the wet season, with considerably more rain than during December–March. The factories processing marine exports and the processing and packaging of cashewnuts extended its trade across the globe.[24]. Kattakayal, a freshwater lake in the city, connects another water-body named Vattakkayal with Lake Ashtamudi. 56.35% of Kollam's total population belongs to Hindu community. Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial center in Southern Kerala. Pages in category "Artists from Kollam" The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total. The first of the two-day dressing event drew to a close early on Monday. Downtown Kollam is the main CBD of Kollam city. The arrival of Christianity in Kerala begins with the expedition of Saint Thomas, one of the 12 disciples of Jesus in AD 52. "Travancore." [131], The Infant Jesus Cathedral in Tangasseri is established by Portuguese during 1614. [35], In the Sangam age most of the present-day Kerala state was ruled by the Chera dynasty, Ezhimala rulers and the Ay rulers. In May 2015, Government of Kerala have decided to expand City Corporation of Kollam by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath. [11] These tools prove that the Stone Age people lived in present Kollam area and surroundings had moved to the coastal areas during the glacial period in the Pleistocene, when the sea-level was almost 300 feet below the present sea-level. Historie. Albuquerque dispatched two ships down to Quilon (Coulão, Kollam), with the factor António de Sá, to see if more could be procured there - Quilon having been better connected to Ceylon and points east, its spice supply was not as dependent on the Zamorin's sway and had often invited the Portuguese before. Generally held on 15 th April or 16 th April, it is organized at the Ashramam maidan. There are two law colleges in the city, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies under the control of Sree Narayana Trust and N S S Law College managed by the N.S.S. Kollam Dari Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas Kollam (IPA: [koÉ­É­am]) atau Quilon (Coulão), sebelumnya dikenal dengan nama Desinganadu, adalah sebuah pelabuhan laut dan kota kuno yang terletak di pesisir Laut Lakadewa, yaitu di Kerala, India dekat Danau Ashtamudi. Kollam Beach, also known as Mahatma Gandhi Beach, is a beach at Kollam city in the Indian state of Kerala.Kollam Beach is the first 'Beach Wedding Destination' in Kerala. [61][62], Malayalam is the most widely spoken language and official language of the city, while Tamil is understood by some sections in the city. [29][30] During the later stages of the rule of the Chera monarchy in Kerala, Kollam emerged as the focal point of trade and politics. Also there is a chilling plant in the city. The remnants of the old Portuguese Fort, later renovated by the Dutch, can be found at Thangasseri. [100][101], Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam) is an institute of international standards situated at Chavara in Kollam city to support the skill development programmes for construction related occupations. Business listings of Paintings, Fantasy Painting manufacturers, suppliers and exporters in Kollam, Kerala along with their contact details & address. Along with (Muziris), Quilon was an ancient seaport on the Malabar Coast of India from the early centuries before the Christian era. The sole motive of all the Portuguese, Dutch and British who have arrived the Port of Kollam that time was Pepper and other spices available at Kollam[8], Kollam is the most historic and ancient settlement in Kerala, probably in South India. The then Queen of Quilon first invited the Portuguese to the city in 1501 for discussing about spices trade. He writes, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful. Kollam Fest is the signature event of Kollam. Cargo handling facilities began operation in 2013. The plan was dismissive because of the presence of the Dutch, who fortified their base city of Quilon against such invasions. It was founded by Mar Abo at Thangasseri in 825 as an alternative to reopening the inland seaport (kore-ke-ni kollam) near Backare, (Thevalakkara) also known as Nelcynda and Tyndis (now known as Thekkumbagam) to the Romans and Greeks and Thondi to the Tamils. But they refused that due to Vasco da Gama's close relations with the Raja of Cochin. Besides large deposits of China clay in Kundara, Mulavana and Chathannoor, there are also lime-shell deposits in Ashtamudi Lake and Bauxite deposits in Adichanallur. Ing Kollam (Malayalam:കൊല്ലം ) (a ausan dang Quilon deng Portugues at agkas yang koy-lon) metung yang lakanbalen o ciudad ampong metung a municipal corporation king municipal corporation king estadu ning Kerala.Maki dayu yang 71 kilometru king pangulu (north) ning tungku (capitoliu o cabecera) ning estadu, ing Thiruvanathapuram (Trivandrum). Notable individuals born in Kollam include: "Quilon" redirects here. [25][26][27][28] It is known for cashew processing and coir manufacturing. The Infant Jesus Church in Thangasseri, an old Portuguese-built church,[45] remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of the area. FFDA and VFFDA promote fresh water fish culture and prawn farming respectively. ), ending with the Royal sanction of Tarissapalli copper plates to Assyrian Monks by Vaishnaite Chera King Rajashekara Varma, against the backdrop of a Shivite revival led by Adi Shankara among the Nampoothiri communities, Mirabilia Descripta by Jordanus Catalani circa 1320–1336 (trans Hiracut Society, London), 'Jornada' of Portuguese Bishop Dom Alexis Menezes 1599–1600AD, Menon, A Sreedhara; "A Survey of Kerala History"; DC Books, 1 January 2007 – History – pp 54–56, /, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of the most populous urban agglomerations in India, Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam), The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam, "Population Finder - Census of India 2011", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", Alphabetical listing of Places in State of Kerala, "Kozhikode to China: IIT Prof Unearths 700-YO Link That'll Will Blow Your Mind! The police administration of the city falls under the Kollam City Police Commissionerate which is headed by an IPS (Indian Police Service)cadre officer and he reports to the Inspector General of Police (IGP) Thiruvananthapuram Range. Kerala is also known for the many events conducted by the Ministry of Tourism for tourist attractions. Kollam junction has world's second longest railway platform, measuring 1180.5 m(3873 ft). With a total urban population of 1,187,158[66] and 349,033 as city corporation's population, Kollam is the fourth most populous city in the state and 49th on the list of the most populous urban agglomerations in India. A prawn farm is being built at Ayiramthengu, and several new hatcheries are planned to cater to the needs of the aquaculturists. [3], Since the ancient times, city of Kollam(Quilon) has played some major roles in the business, economical, cultural, religious and political history of Asia and Indian sub continent. Albuquerque resigned himself to negotiating a commercial treaty and establishing a permanent Portuguese factory in Quilon (the third in India), placing it under factor António de Sá, with two assistants and twenty armed men to protect the factory. The Nearest and main railway station is the Kollam Railway Station. Kollam district (formerly Quilon) is one of 14 districts of the state of Kerala, India.The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake).The district has many source of waterbodies. They fought with the Arab traders and captured a huge amount of gold after killing more than 2000 Arab traders. ). The 400-year-old Sanctum sanctorum of this temple is finished in teak. [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. [130] CSI Kollam-Kottarakara Diocese is one of the twenty-four dioceses of the Church of South India. Albuquerque, realizing Quilon was the only spice supply he had access to, acceded to her request. it is possible the 'king' Empoli met was just a royal prince, the queen of Quilon's heir, conducting business on her behalf. All kollam artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The church remains as a memento of the Portuguese rule of old Quilon city. During the mid-eighteenth century, Travancore's Raja of Marthanda Varma decided to consolidate various independent kingdoms including Quilon, Kayamkulam and Kottarakkara with Kingdom of Travancore. It was re-erected on 1 September 1886. Město bylo kvetoucím obchodním centrem Malabárského pobřeží známým i Římanům. It is one of the 10 fastest growing cities in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020 as per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020. കൊല്ലം നഗര സമൂഹം. Kollam Beach Wikipedia. The teak wood used in building King Solomon's throne was taken from Quilon. Kerala Ceramics Ltd. in Kundara, Kerala Electrical and Allied Engineering Company in Kundara, Kerala Premo Pipe factory in Chavara, Kerala Minerals and Metals Limited in Chavara and United Electrical Industries in Kollam are Kerala Government-owned companies. But soon after their departure, Albuquerque heard that the Zamorin of Calicut was preparing a Calicut fleet of some 30 ships for Quilon. See & … The main venue of Kollam Fest is the historic and gigantic Ashramam Maidan. Moreover, the Kollam Era (also known as Malayalam Era or Kollavarsham or Malayalam Calendar or Malabar Era), solar and sidereal Hindu calendar used in Kerala, has been originated on 825 CE (Pothu Varsham) at (Kollam) city.[114][115][116]. [31] The present Malayalam calendar is said to have begun with the re-founding of the town, which was rebuilt after its destruction by fire. With the arrival of the Dutch and their peace treaty signing with Quilon, the Portuguese started losing their authority on Quilon and later, Quilon officially became a Dutch protectorate. [44] Thangasseri remains today as an Anglo-Indian settlement, though few Anglo-Indians remain. For ease of administration, Kollam Municipal Corporation is divided into six zones with local zonal offices for each one. It is one of the oldest port cities in the Malabar Coast and was the capital city of historic Venad Kingdom and Travancore Kingdom. Book 11", New proof for Pre-Portuguese mission in Kollam, "A short history of the Kerala Secretariat as building celebrates 150 years", "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam", "A stream fading into historyg - The Hindu", "9 of the Least Polluted Cities on Earth You Could Consider Moving To", "For 2nd year in row, Kerala tops list of most welcoming places: Report", "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city", "Building Permit Management System -Kollam Corporation", "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala", "ANALYSIS OF CENSUS DATA - Census of India Website", "Delhi ranked 23rd in mega survey of 53 Indian cities", ":: The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited ::", "Ashtamudi short-neck clam fisheries becomes India's first MSC certified fisheries", "Aviation school proposal evokes mixed response", "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics", "New DRM optimistic about suburban project - KERALA", "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones", "Kerala State Water Transport Department - Introduction", Kollam cashew importers suffering due to port congestion at tuticorin terminal, Shreyas Shipping starts Kochi-Kollam container service, Shreyas Shipping inaugurates Kollam port with new service, "Admission Process Starts at KSID for New Diploma Courses", "States-Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship", "Maritime institute to come up at Neendakara", "Steps begun to set up Maritime university", "Which is the best banking coaching centre in India - Kollam", "Engineering graduates opt for banking sector", "President's Trophy boat race on November 1", "Kerala temple: Where the lady with the lamp is a man", "Here, bells on tree answer your prayers", "No permission for RSS to conduct 'shakha' in temple: Kerala HC told", "Population of Kollam City - Census 2011 data", Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut),, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with a promotional tone from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2018, Articles that may contain original research from June 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Travancore Archaeological Series (T.A.S.) It is now the pro-cathedral of Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic diocese of India. [49], Later in 1795, British gained control of Dutch Quilon and eventually became part of British Madras. [92][93], Kollam Port is the second largest port in Kerala, after Cochin Port Trust. Join Facebook to connect with Kollam Art and others you may know. Likewise at Male, where the pepper grows, and in the farming community of Kalliana (Kalliankal at Nillackal) there is also a bishop consecrated in Persia in accordance with the Nicea Sunnahadose of 325 AD. [5][6], The history of the district of Kollam as an administrative unit can be traced back to 1835, when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam. Neendakara and Sakthikulangara villages in the suburbs of the city have fisheries. Mirabilia Descripta by Bishop Catalani gives a description of life in Kollam, which he saw as the Catholic bishop-designate to Kollam, the oldest Catholic diocese in India. [113] There are so many ancient temples, centuries-old churches and mosques in the city and its suburbs. Find here Paintings, Fantasy Painting, suppliers, manufacturers, wholesalers, traders with Paintings prices for buying. [39] The grant was made in the presence of important officers of the state and the representatives of trade corporations or merchant guilds. Kollam metropolitan area is the 14th largest urban agglomeration in South India and 7th largest in Kerala. Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David (Eds. Kollam Beach Wikipedia. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Ii panna ke 18 March 2016, ke 04:19 baje, pichhla time badla gais rahaa. [54][55][56] In March 2016, IndiaTimes selected Kollam as one of the nine least polluted cities on earth to which anybody can relocate. "Thirayattam" is a vibrant Ethnic performing art. Pliny had mentioned about the port city of Quilon much accurately. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. The Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, the first private school of its kind in the state, is at Kilikollur, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) east of Kollam city, and is a source of pride for all Kollamites. Nearly 3000 mechanised boats are operating from the fishing harbour. The Chinese trade decreased about 600 and was again revived in the 13th century. info) and Coulão (in Portuguese), and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. This theory backs the remarks of Ibn Battuta as well. Kollam metropolitan area From Wikipedia the free encyclopedia. Dalavapuram bridge near Kollam City - This bridge had given a new way of connectivity for the people of Dalavapuram with Kollam City along with the existing boat services. Marco Polo, the Venetian traveller, who was in Chinese service under Kublai Khan in 1275, visited Kollam and other towns on the west coast, in his capacity as a Chinese mandarin. The proportion of females to males in Kollam city is second highest among the 500 most populous cities in India. In 1503, the Portuguese General Afonso de Albuquerque went to Quilon as per the Queen's request and collected required spices from there. Ashtamudi Lake is a backwater lake and a very popular tourist destination. During the integration of Travancore and Cochin states in Kerala in 1949, Kollam was one among the three revenue divisions in the state. Kollam is a Hindu majority city in Kerala. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. [38] The Tharisapalli plates presented to Maruvan Sapor Iso by Ayyanadikal Thiruvadikal granted the Christians the privilege of overseeing foreign trade in the city as well as control over its weights and measures in a move designed to increase Quilon's trade and wealth. [95] Once the Port starts functioning in full-fledged, it will make the transportation activities of Kollam-based cashew companies more easy. [74], Known as the "Cashew Capital of the World", Kollam is noted for its traditional cashew business and is home to more than 600 cashew-processing units. The rail links later established to Tamil Nadu supported still stronger trade links. For city, see Kollam. Marco Polo claimed to have visited his capital at Quilon, a centre of commerce and trade with China and the Levant. The Government Secretariat was also situated in Kollam till the 1830s. It became a semi-autonomous state within the Later Chera Kingdom. Regeneration of the Maruthadi-Eravipuram area including construction of facilities for fishing, tourism and entertainment projects will be implemented as part of the project[69]. [102] The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kerala is a fashion technology institute situated at Vellimon, established in technical collaboration with the National Institute of Fashion Technology and the Ministry of Textiles. The Art of Living Foundation is an international NGO, focused on various dimensions such as social transformation, child eduction, women and youth empowerment and world peace through yoga meditation, Sudarshan Kriya and other spiritual philosophies. [40] The Persian merchant Soleyman of Siraf visited Malabar in the 9th century and found Quilon to be the only port in India used by the huge Chinese ships as their transshipment hub for goods on their way from China to the Persian Gulf. Kollam Fest seeks to showcase Kollam's rich culture and heritage, tourism potential and investments in new ventures.[108]. The company owns 30 cashew factories all across Kerala. Coordinates: 8°57'48"N 76°33'43"E Geography. Kollam Beach Wikipedia. The royal family of Quilon agreed to rebuild the destroyed church. [106] Kollam is known as India's hub for bank test coaching centres with around 40 such institutes in the district. They arrived Quilon in the year 1658 and signed a peace treaty in 1659. Average fish landing is estimated at 85,275 tonnes per year. Curiously, Empoli (p.225), who was with the Quilon ships and witnessed the encounter, identifies the ruler as a king, not a queen. [4] The Malayalam calendar(Kollavarsham) is also known so with the name of the city Kollam. The battle lasted for only six hours[49] and was the result of the East India Company's invasion of Quilon and their garrison situated near the Cantonment Maidan. By the ninth century AD., Quilon has evolved as political and trade centre of Kulsekhara dynasty of Venad Empire. The Ashtamudi Lake lie about 71 kilometres (44 mi) north of the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation is Adv.V. Thus Quilon became the official protectorate of the Dutch and their officer in-charge, Rijcklof van Goens, placed a military troop in the city to protect it from probable invasions from Portuguese and the British. The signatories signed the document in the Hebrew, Pahlavi, and Kufic languages. S.G. Pothan (1963) The Syrian Christians of Kerala, Bombay: Asia Publishing House. There are two Central Government industrial operations in the city, the Indian Rare Earths, Chavara and Parvathi Mills Ltd., Kollam. your own Pins on Pinterest Kollam City is a Municipal Corporation with elected Councillors from its 55 divisions. [121] Moreover, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram in Kottarakkara,[122] Puttingal Devi Temple in Paravur,[123] Poruvazhy Peruviruthy Malanada Temple in Poruvazhy,[124] Sasthamcotta Sree Dharma Sastha Temple in Sasthamkotta,[125] Sakthikulangara Sree Dharma Sastha temple,[126] Thrikkadavoor Sree Mahadeva Temple in Kadavoor and Kattil Mekkathil Devi Temple in Ponmana[127] Padanayarkulangara mahadeva temple Karunagappally,[128] Ashtamudi Sree Veerabhadra Swamy Temple are the other famous Hindu worship centres in the Kollam Metropolitan Area. Kollam is the fourth largest city in Kerala and the fifth largest in terms of corporation area. [133] Our Lady of Velankanni Shrine in Cutchery is another important Christian worship place in Kollam city. The Government of Kerala has granted academic autonomy to Fatima Mata National College, another prestigious institution in the city. Europeans were attracted to the region during the late fifteenth century, primarily in pursuit of the then rare commodity, black pepper. [43] They were still docked when the Calicut fleet arrived, carrying an embassy from the Zamorin with the mission to persuade (or intimidate) Quilon from abandoning the Portuguese. From colleges, there are so many ancient temples, centuries-old churches and mosques in the state capital Thiruvananthapuram... And subsequently hanged at the maidan [ 78 ] [ 15 ] Desinganadu 's rajas exchanged embassies stadium taken! Century, Travancore conquered Kollam, 11 % of Kollam ranked fourth arrived Quilon in the city total Muslim in... Comes under the Chola empire College, another prestigious institution in the Ay Kingdom gigantic Ashramam maidan of British.! Churches and mosques in the city of Quilon by Ibn Battuta as well had a high reputation. Historic Venad Kingdom and Travancore Kingdom like another word for entertainment in Kollam, followed hockey... 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